Seven essential plant species have social and economic potential in Rinjani National Park. In addition, these seven plants are categorized as Biodiversity Prospecting or Bioprospecting Plants. Conservation researchers include them in essential plant species.
Rinjani National Park holds a diversity of protected animals and plants. Currently, this area is a research center, a source of plasma collection, and a tourist destination.
Meanwhile, tourists make Mount Rinjani on the island of Lombok, Indonesia a natural tourist destination, hiking and educational destination. The existence of Mount Rinjani has been recognized worldwide as the best conservation forest by Conservation International (CI). The form of award is the World Legacy Award, rinjani managed to get recognition for the management of the world’s best tourist destination.
Rinjani Tropical Forest
When you enter the Rinjani National Park, the impression is of lush forests, challenging hiking trails, and amazing geological sites. Of course, we will be curious about how many animal and plant populations are in Rinjani National Park. For your information, the area of Rinjani National Park covers 9 percent of the island of Lombok, Indonesia. That’s a lot of forest.
Rinjani National Park consists of tropical forests where more than 400 species of trees and 153 medicinal plants live, forming an ecosystem. This is where we can find bioprospecting plants that have essential plant status.
Essential Plants of Rinjani
Many countries are currently bioprospecting or searching for information about the biochemical and genetic potential of plants in nature and forests. The goal is to develop these plants into high-value products. Seeing the potential of these plants, the economic price of these plants is high. Moreover, the growing fields of medicine, pharmacy, and chemistry require bioprospecting plants.
With the discovery of biodiversity in plants it is good news for the development of science in general. In addition, another goal is to develop commercially valuable products such as cosmetics, for household and industrial needs.
Including the Rinjani National Park in which hundreds of plant species live that have not been explored more to their benefit. Therefore, the agency that takes care of Indonesian conservation, the Directorate General of Natural Resources and Ecosystem Conservation (KSDAE) in 2020, set seven essential plants or seven Biodiversity Prospecting plants in Rinjani. What are the seven potential plants in Rinjani National Park? Let’s take a look
Morchella Crassipes or mushrooms called morels only grow in certain tropical forests including the Rinjani National Park. Plants that include seven potential plants which are plants of high economic value. Even said to be the second most expensive mushroom in the world.
In this essential plant part that is utilized is the stem. Because it contains antioxidants, carbohydrates, protein, fiber, minerals, all important vitamins, and aromatic compounds. As well as having food uses and sources of vegetable protein. There are still many things to be explored, so researchers make this essential rinjani plant an object of research.
Euchresta Horsfieldii or Pranajiwa Plants is a medicinal plant that is difficult to obtain. In addition, some say that this plant is difficult to cultivate. this essential plant adds to the diversity of plants in the Rinjani National Park.
This essential plant has a high oil content. In addition, the useful part is in the fruit pods and seeds. It has a slightly bitter fruit or seed and an unpleasant taste may be due to the oil content of the fruit.
Essential plants that contain alkaloid and vasoconstrictor substances have medicinal uses. To treat vitality problems, tuberculosis, neutralize snake venom, and treat headaches and migraines. In addition, this essential plant can overcome the narrowing of blood vessels.
Cyathula prostrate or Forest Spinach is a medicinal plant that has a thick and soft stem. This essential plant has a useful part in the leaves.
In addition, forest spinach contains saponins, avonoids, and tannins. This plant has uses as an antiviral agent, diuretic, antidiarrheal, pain, and headache medicine.
Vanda lombokensis or Lombok Orchid is an essential Rinjani plant that is actually almost similar to other orchids. Currently, there is not much research on the virtues of this medicine in the health sector.
Plants that have beauty throughout their parts have high economic value as ornamental plants. Of course, the beauty of this flower complements the interior of the house and enhances the beauty of the house. Are you interested in buying Lombok orchids for home decoration?
Vanda tricolor is an essential plant like Vanda lombokensis. Its use as an ornamental plant makes it a plant that has high economic value. All parts of this plant are beautiful. Of course, flower lovers will be very interested in owning one.
Nona Makan Sirih Plants or Miss Eating Betel Plants
The Latin name Clerodendron sp is an essential plant that lives in the Rinjani National Park. The plant parts in the leaves and flowers have many benefits. In addition, this plant contains alkaloid substances (cytisine) just like the Pranajiwa plants.
Why this plant is a bioprospecting plant. It is because of its use for vitality, treating tuberculosis, and neutralizing snake venom. In addition, it is effective in curing headaches, migrations, and narrowing of blood vessels.
Vanda limbata is a plant species that is similar to Lombok orchid and vanda orchid. This essential plant lives in the Rinjani forest and has a high socio-economic value.
Because of its high price, this beautiful plant is used as an ornamental plant. In addition, limbata orchid flowers emit a fragrant aroma. No wonder, many people love this rinjani plant.
Rinjani National Park has plants that have high-value socio-economic potential. If research continues to develop, it is possible that these plants can be commercialized to increase the income of local communities.
The good news is the increasing enthusiasm of the local community and the world to visit Rinjani National Park where the second highest volcano in Indonesia is located.
In addition, the management of the Rinjani National Park implements management that empowers the surrounding community and involves professionals. In this case, there are also trekking organizers who accompany visitors to trekking, hiking, and camping here. You must have never felt at the height of the peak of Mount Rinjani.
Parman Trekker as a Rinjani trekking specialist is always present to serve rinjani visitors who want to witness the form of potential plants that have high economic value. But only to be seen. Because there are provisions that cannot damage plants in the Rinjani National Park.