We must anticipate and prevent volcano eruptions. Because the impacts arising from eruptions can cause serious damage to the surrounding environment.
And Mount Rinjani has erupted a dozen times since 1846. The second-highest volcano in Indonesia was once the caldera of Mount Samalas which erupted several hundred years ago.
The long history of Mount Rinjani should be a lesson in anticipating the impact of volcanic eruptions. So that in the future, we are better prepared to deal with similar events.
Dangers of Volcanic Eruptions
The best step in anticipating the dangers of volcano eruptions is not to approach them when they are in danger. There are official government agencies that can assess whether or not a mountain is safe to climb. And if it’s not safe, don’t go near it at all.
According to the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia, volcanic eruptions have a very dangerous impact on both health and the environment, so it is very important to have knowledge about what people should do to avoid the effects of volcanic eruptions.
The following are some things that can be done by the community to avoid the impact of volcanic eruptions.
If you are currently near the eruption point or live in cities affected by volcanic eruptions, here are tips to avoid the dangers of volcanic eruptions:
- Stay calm and evacuate immediately if advised by the Regional Disaster Management Agency (BPBD).
- Not be in locations that are asked to be vacated.
- Not in valleys or watersheds.
- Avoid open areas, and protect yourself from volcanic ash.
- Before leaving home, wear long-sleeved clothes, long pants, and wear protective glasses. Remove contact lenses if you use them. Don’t forget to wear a mask.
- If you are not ordered to evacuate, close windows and doors tightly to prevent ash from entering the house.
- Volcanic ashfall can cover the entire roof and needs to be swept away once conditions return to normal. The ash can weigh down the roof and damage it. But don’t forget to wear a mask when cleaning the volcanic dust.
- Avoid driving your car in areas affected by volcanic ashfall as it can damage the vehicle’s engine.
- Volcanic ash can damage engines and objects made of metal or metal. So it is best to stop driving during the incident. If you must drive, drive slowly and do not exceed 56 kilometers per hour.
Stay up to date if there is a volcanic eruption or if you are close to the eruption point. Find out what the current status of the mountain is, what the potential for subsequent disasters is, which areas are affected, and if there is a call for evacuation.